We look at the impression of criminalizing intercourse work, exploiting an occasion through which native officers unexpectedly criminalized intercourse work in a single district in East Java, Indonesia, however not in neighboring districts. We acquire information from feminine intercourse employees and their shoppers earlier than and after the change. We discover that criminalization will increase sexually transmitted infections amongst feminine intercourse employees by 58 %, measured by organic exams. That is pushed by decreased condom entry and use. We additionally discover proof that criminalization decreases earnings amongst girls who left intercourse work resulting from criminalization, and reduces their skill to satisfy their kids’s faculty bills whereas rising the chance that kids start working to complement family earnings. Whereas criminalization has the potential to enhance inhabitants STI outcomes if the market shrinks completely, we present that 5 years post-criminalization the market has rebounded and the likelihood of STI transmission inside the basic inhabitants is prone to have elevated.
That’s from a new NBER working paper by Lisa Cameron, Jennifer Seager, and Manisha Shah.