Panasonic is making a big push into Europe with plans to arrange its first battery manufacturing facility in Norway, because the Japanese group tries to leverage its success supplying Tesla within the US to win extra enterprise from European carmakers.
The group intends to group up with Norwegian state-controlled oil and fuel main Equinor and aluminium firm Norsk Hydro for a feasibility examine on increasing its battery enterprise in Europe to be accomplished inside six months.
Regardless of operating the world’s largest battery factory with Tesla in Nevada, Panasonic has solely a small presence in Europe, the place quite a lot of firms together with Swedish upstart Northvolt and Tesla itself are constructing crops.
Demand for batteries is about to extend quickly as electrical automobile gross sales take off, with their share of the European market forecast to climb to 15 per cent next year, in accordance with coverage group Transport & Surroundings.
“Europe is kind of a untimely market. It’s nonetheless rising and there’s lots to occur. It might be colossal,” Allan Swan, the pinnacle of Panasonic’s US battery manufacturing unit, instructed the Monetary Instances.
European carmakers are more likely to lead the change to electrical autos by aiming to be probably the most “progressive” within the trade, he added.
The scale of any manufacturing facility in Norway would rely on the result of the examine, Mr Swan added, nevertheless it might be “within the ballpark” of the Nevada gigafactory, which is about to be upgraded to 38 gigawatt hours a 12 months.
The factory owned by Northvolt, which is backed by Volkswagen, BMW, Ikea and Goldman Sachs, within the Swedish Arctic is because of have at the least 34GWh of capability by 2024 and might be upgraded to 40GWh. Peter Carlsson, Northvolt’s chief govt, instructed the FT final 12 months that Europe was anticipated to have about 600GWh of capability by 2030.
Panasonic has beforehand provided batteries to European carmakers comparable to Volkswagen and Peugeot, however not the cylindrical lithium-ion kind it makes for Tesla.
Its growth into Europe, the place the group generates about $7bn in income, additionally comes as Tesla has not too long ago announced plans to construct its personal battery cells, making it extra crucial for Panasonic to increase its consumer base.
Mr Swan mentioned the Norway plant might be “of curiosity” to Tesla as effectively, given carmakers are under pressure to pursue partnerships to safe future provide even when they’ve plans to provide batteries in-house.
Norway presents a number of benefits because the Scandinavian nation produces practically all its electrical energy from renewable hydroelectric energy, whereas its marketplace for electrical autos is probably the most developed on this planet. In September, nearly two-thirds of latest automobile gross sales have been for absolutely electrical autos, whereas only one in 10 automobiles have been petrol-only with the remaining hybrids.
Al Cook dinner, head of worldwide technique and enterprise improvement at Equinor, mentioned the electrical battery partnership demonstrated that the oil and fuel group was dedicated to boosting its renewable vitality enterprise, which faces challenges associated to intermittency, when, for instance, the wind drops.
“It’s a recognition of how an increasing number of governments in Europe are targeted on web zero by 2050 or earlier. And we wish to be on the fitting aspect of historical past,” he mentioned, including that three huge industrial names would have extra credibility than some extra “immature” firms.
All three firms mentioned they needed to have a partnership that went past a single manufacturing facility. “Now we have to succeed in the conclusion that that is very scalable. We’re not doing this to construct a battery manufacturing facility collectively and that’s the tip of it,” mentioned Mr Cook dinner.
Arvid Moss, head of vitality and company improvement at Hydro, mentioned the businesses would examine the “complete provide chain” together with the likelihood to supply uncooked supplies comparable to cobalt and lithium from Europe. A number of mining initiatives for cobalt and lithium are underneath method in Sweden and Finland, however it isn’t but clear how huge they are going to be.