Taiwan’s UMC pleads responsible to US fees of commerce secret theft


Taiwanese contract chipmaker United Microelectronics Company has pleaded guilty to a US felony cost of stealing commerce secrets and techniques and been fined $60m, the second-largest penalty for such instances.

UMC escaped extra severe fees in trade for co-operating in opposition to Chinese language reminiscence chipmaker Fujian Jinhua, its co-defendant within the case, in accordance with the US Division of Justice.

The case performed out in US courts in opposition to the backdrop of deepening tensions between Washington and Beijing underneath the presidency of Donald Trump. These attitudes have hardened amongst each Republicans and Democrats.

“UMC’s responsible plea factors this case in the direction of trial in opposition to Fujian Jinhua in 2021,” mentioned David Anderson, a US lawyer for the northern district of California.

US authorities charged each corporations in November 2018 with stealing commerce secrets and techniques from Micron Expertise, the American reminiscence chipmaker. Washington additionally added Fujian Jinhua to its export management listing of entities deemed a menace to nationwide safety, a transfer that lower the Chinese language chipmaker off from important provides of US tools and subsequently pressured a halt to its operations final 12 months.

The dispute began a number of years earlier. In line with Taiwanese courtroom paperwork, two engineers at Rexchip, a Taiwanese reminiscence chip firm which Micron purchased in 2013, joined UMC in 2015. A 12 months later, UMC inked a co-operation cope with Fujian Jinhua that included help from the Taiwanese chipmaker to assist the Chinese language firm enhance manufacturing. 

As a part of its plea, UMC admitted hiring three Micron workers from the US firm’s Taiwan subsidiary, two of whom are alleged to have introduced confidential Micron info with them to UMC. The people labored on a chip manufacturing deal UMC had with Fujian.

The case has drawn consideration to the chance of know-how leakage by way of Taiwanese corporations, which dominate world contract manufacturing of semiconductors and digital devices for western manufacturers however are additionally extremely reliant on China. As a part of its push to “decouple” world provide chains from China, Washington is pushing Taiwanese know-how corporations to facet with the west and cut back their ties with China. 

“UMC stole the commerce secrets and techniques of an American chief in laptop reminiscence to allow China to realize a strategic precedence: self-sufficiency in laptop reminiscence manufacturing with out spending its personal time or cash to earn it,” mentioned Jeffrey Rosen, the US deputy attorney-general.

UMC mentioned the US justice division had agreed to drop fees of conspiracy to commit financial espionage and conspiracy to steal mental property as a part of the settlement deal. 

In an announcement to the Taiwan Inventory Alternate on Thursday morning, the corporate mentioned its workers had transferred the Micron know-how to Jinhua in violation of their employment contract. “UMC by no means supposed to and didn’t switch any unauthorised info to Jinhua,” it mentioned. “Nonetheless, in accordance with the US Commerce Secrets and techniques Act, even when workers violate firm insurance policies with out the information of senior administration, the corporate nonetheless bears obligation for the workers’ actions. Due to this fact UMC admitted and took the accountability for the workers’s authorized violations within the settlement settlement.”

UMC’s negotiations on the settlement, introduced on Wednesday night time within the US, have been driving the corporate’s inventory worth for months. Shares on the Taiwan Inventory Alternate rose 0.8 per cent on Thursday morning a day after closing closed at NT$35.50 ($1.24), the best stage in additional than a decade. 

Fujian Jinhua didn’t instantly reply to a request for remark.

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